: Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador: Abuta grandifolia. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on internet. Accessed: Angiosperms · Menispermaceae · Abuta. Abuta grandifolia (Mart.) Sandwith This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Abuta (family. Abuta grandifolia is a species of plants with 1 observation.
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Saponins and alkaloids from Abuta grandifolia 
The Quichua make a compress of the leaf decoction and use it to treat headache. For other uses, see Abuta disambiguation. Curare is a poison, which paralyses the muscles when it gets into the blood circuit.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. It has been chemically studied and shown to contain the alkaloids palmatine and derivatives of berberine. But today this substance is produce artificially.
Flowers in composed panicles. But both species are found more frequently further in jungle than at the foot of the Andes. Abuta is a genus in the flowering plant family Menispermaceaeof about 32 species, native to tropical Central and South America. Among the Siona, a leaf infusion is used as a febrifuge, and also as an ingredient of curare Schultes and Raffauff, The genera Anelasma Miers and Batschia Thunb.
The animals hunted with blowpipes and poisoned arrows or even humans die of the breakdown of the respiratory and heart muscles. See List of Abuta species. Illustrations A-F from A. Each tribe in the Amazon Region knows and uses this plant against several troubles such as headaches, stomachache, toothache, colds, sore throat, colic and tuberculosis. A decoction of the leaves mixed with the bark of “piton” is drunk by women before giving birth to speed the recovery of their their strength Lescure et al.
This vine whose range includes the Amazon Basin was originally collected in Shushufindi Vickers and Plowman, Engler, Das Pflanzenreich Abuta is one of the bauta of aubta arrow poison curare of some indigenous tribes of South America especially Abuta imene from Colombia. You just abuuta to cook the useful parts of the plant and take a drink of it.
Much more important than the fruits is the medicinal usage of the leaves, the bark and the roots. The family of Menispemaceae is rich in alkaloid, which explains the usefulness of this group of plants. In Ecuador it is used in labor for hemorrhage and pain, and has been employed to treat colic in nervous children; according to Schultes, one treatment lasts for one year Schultes and Raffauff, The Plant-Book 2nd ed.
Roots of Abuta rufescens are used as medicinal in diseases of the urogenital tractbut it is dangerous. Yahualicaspi is a 2 – 5 meter high tree, with yellow eatable fruits. The poison curare usually is made of a mixture of several plants, the combination depends grandifoolia the tribe and the shaman, but it contains always one of the species mentioned above. It should be mentioned that Abuta grandifolia belongs to the same family as Chondrodendron tormentosum and Curares toxifera, which are the main components o the poison curare.
New cholinesterase inhibiting bisbenzylisoquinoline alkaloids from Abuta grandifolia.
This page was last edited on 16 Februaryat Sometimes they add Abuta grandifolia to the mixture but it is not one of the main components. This effect utilises even our modern medicine injecting an extract of Chondrodendron tormentosum to relax the muscles of the patients during surgery. grandfiolia
Retrieved from granfifolia https: Abuta is usually classified in the tribe Anomospermeae Miers, together with Anomospermum Miers. Palmatine has a strong antipyretic action as well as a depressant effect on the blood pressure and the central nervous system Grenand et al.
Menispermaceae genera Neotropic ecozone flora Menispermaceae. It consists in dioecious climbers or rarely erect trees or shrubs Abuta concolor with simple leaves.
It is also used to treat snakebite Schultes and Raffauff, Bark used as Peruvian ayahuasca ingredient, dart poison and headache remedy Yahualicaspi is a 2 – 5 meter high tree, with yellow abhta fruits.