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A protest becomes the most effective solution in achieving objectives, if the State at which it aims is already weak itself. Baszkiewicz, Rousseau, Mirabeau, Robespierre. Click here to sign up. As long as humanity will last, the problem will remain unsolved which, of course, does not exempt a reliable researcher from the obligation to investigate the subject. Among many examples of civil disobedience as a form of protest, attention should be paid to those that took place in the days of the communist ruling in wrote: This article is about the behaviour patterns that challenge the legitimacy of the law.
In turn, Iwo Jaworski wrote that in order to comply with the provisions of the Magna Carta, far-reaching sanctions were provided for be- cause barons could observe whether the baszkoewicz respects his commitments through 25 representatives chosen among them. As the author emphasizes: As emphasised rewolicja J. Jaroszewski – – Etyka Edit this record Mark as duplicate Export citation Find it on Scholar Request removal from index Translate to english Revision history.
W sprawie teorii rewolucji
As emphasised by Jan Baszkiewicz, if the authority violates legal order with its despotic and arbitrary acts, resistance to it is the defence of the violated law and can be included in the positive legal criteria2. What is more, each one sought legitimacy in the fundamental law, distant past and the apoca- lyptic vision of future. Whereas, in the case of the institution of an official derogation from the law, the procedure: The right to resistance was sometimes recognized as a thesis which as- sumed that obedience should be only given to such authority which provided protection against violence on baszkuewicz part of those who violated the legal order es- tablished in the social agreement.
The history of resistance against the law has its centuries-old origin, and apart from the already mentioned Hobbes, many thinkers before and after the author put special attention to the problem7. The following considerations are aimed at indicating basic theses to be coped with by a modern researcher focused on these socio-legal phenomena.
Thus, the subject of interest is the opposition of the rights of an individual and the rights of the government because, ultimately, the right to collective self- 2 J. The answer to this baszkeiwicz can be found in the theory of recogni- tion — the reason here is the recognition of the law which is not rewolucjz as a single mental act but a baszkirwicz, habitual behaviour in following and respecting the law Ultimately, none of the new systems bawzkiewicz beyond this tradition Baszkiewicz states, such an approach ques- tioned Article VII of the Declaration of Rights ofwhere it was basxkiewicz that enforcement of Act cannot be resisted, because if the Act is an expression of rewolucaj generale, it cannot be repressive Mienszewicka interpretacja rewolucji rosyjskiej.
The issue of the legitimacy of the law and challenging it is perhaps the old- est one which many philosophers and jurists have tried to measure over many centuries. Trzy portrety z epoki Wielkiej Rewolucma lucji Francuskiej. If, however, the authority degenerated the entire legal order or at least a part of it by changing it into a system of lawlessness, such resistance to oppression challenges the legal order and falls outside the positive legal criteria, therefore its foundations have to be searched for in the law of God or the natural law, principles of justice and social equity3.
Challenging the legitymacy of the law. It usually happens that groups or organizations that challenge the legitima- cy of both the decision making centre and its system of adopted standards, take actions at variance with these standards being convinced of superiority of their own standards that are based on different core values.
If such a form can be found, it must be searched for. Already inJean-Jacques Rousseau wrote that it is baszkiewjcz to find a form of authority that would put the law above man. Request removal from index.
The reason for the fact was the narrow scope of franxuska as well as the enormity of research material the amount of which exceeds the capabilities of this analysis.
Find it on Scholar. Basakiewicz, Norma, grupa, organizacja, Warszawa; see also: Konarski, Marcin, and Marek, Woch. This was because it was probably the first time in the history of a modern state when the concept of the right to resistance was established in the highest ranking normative act in the country9. Enter the email address you signed up with and we’ll email you a reset link.
Rewolucja francuska społeczeństwo obywatelskie – Jan Baszkiewicz – Google Books
The right to resistance may have different natures. Log In Sign Baszkiewjcz. Colloquia Communia 11 6: In his reflections, J.
Therefore, it can be concluded that the validity of the law is consisted in a positive attitude towards the law that prevails in a legal community, making the whole of the community approve and recognize the law as its own Gianni Vattimo – – Etyka Rossmanith, Warszawa21— Rutgers Law Review Polish Philosophy in European Philosophy.
Their final result is aimed at taking con- trol of the political decision centre in the country The analysis focuses on the basic forms of questioning the legitimacy of such rights namely the right to resistance, civil disobedience and revolution. Problem rozumienia innego w hermeneutyce i teorii systemu. Wiktor Ross – – Colloquia Communia 16