IRANGATE SCANDAL PDF

In late President Ronald Reagan became embroiled in in what became known as the Irangate Scandal. It was discovered that the Reagan administration . New revelations published on 25th anniversary of Iran-Contra affair say Israel played secondary part in the scandal which rocked DC in This scandal illustrates a different but equally dangerous type of Presidential fiasco we have to learn to guard against. Mr. Nixon compulsively.

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Ronald Reagan’s efforts to eradicate Communism spanned the globe, but the insurgent Contras’ cause in Nicaragua was particularly dear to him. Battling the Cuban-backed Sandinistas, the Irangtae were, according to Reagan, “the moral equivalent of our Founding Fathers. Assisting involved supplying financial support, a difficult task politically after the Democratic sweep of congressional elections in November First Democrats passed the Boland Amendment, which restricted CIA and Department of Defense operations in Nicaragua specifically; ina strengthened Boland Amendment made support almost impossible.

A determined, unyielding Reagan told National Security Adviser Robert McFarlane, “I want you to do whatever you have to do to help these people keep body and soul together.

Iran–Contra affair – Wikipedia

What followed would alter the public’s perception of the president dramatically. How “Iran” and “Contra” came to be said in the same breath was the result of complicated covert activities, all carried out, the players said, in the name of democracy. Inwhile Iran and Iraq were at war, Iran made a secret request to buy weapons from the United States. McFarlane sought Reagan’s approval, in spite of the embargo against selling arms to Iran.

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McFarlane explained that the sale of arms would not only improve U. Reagan was driven by a different obsession. He had become frustrated at his inability to secure the release of the seven American hostages being held by Iranian terrorists in Lebanon.

As president, Reagan felt that “he had the duty to bring those Americans home,” and he convinced himself that he was not negotiating with terrorists. While shipping arms to Iran violated the embargo, dealing with terrorists violated Reagan’s campaign promise never to do so. Reagan had always been admired for his honesty. The arms-for-hostages proposal divided the administration.

With the backing of the president, the plan progressed. By the time the sales were discovered, more than 1, missiles had been irangae to Iran. Three hostages had been released, only to be replaced with three more, in scanndal Secretary of State George Shultz called “a hostage bazaar.

Iran–Contra affair

He retracted the statement a week later, insisting that the sale of weapons had not been an arms-for-hostages deal. Despite the fact that Reagan defended the actions by virtue of their good intentions, his honesty was doubted.

Polls showed that irangats 14 percent of Americans believed the president when he said he had not traded arms for hostages. Poindexter resigned, and North was fired, but Iran-Contra was far from over.

The press hounded the president: Did he know about these illegal activities, sxandal if not, how could something of this magnitude occur without his knowledge?

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In an investigation by the Reagan-appointed Tower Commission, it was determined that, as president, Reagan’s disengagement from the management of his White House had created conditions which made possible scsndal diversion of funds to the Contras. But there was no evidence linking Reagan to the diversion. Speculation about the involvement of Reagan, Vice President George Bush and the administration at large ran rampant.

Independent Counsel Lawrence Walsh investigated the affair for the next eight years. Fourteen people were charged with either operational or “cover-up” crimes.

In the end, North’s conviction was overturned on a technicality, and President Bush issued six pardons, including one to McFarlane, who had already been convicted, and one to Weinberger before he stood trial.

Although laws had been broken, and Reagan’s image suffered as a result of Iran-Contra, his popularity rebounded. In he left iranggate with the highest approval iranbate of any president since Franklin Roosevelt. Reagan Clip Reagan’s First Lrangate Nancy Nancy Reagan made things difficult at times with her stubbornness. Get the latest on new films and digital content, learn about events in your area, and get your weekly fix of American history.

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